Montezuma Well is part of Montezuma Castle National Monument in Rimrock, AZ (even though it’s in a location several miles away). It is a natural limestone sinkhole that has been home to many ancient cultures, spanning more than 1,000 years, including the Sinagua, Hohokam, and Salado peoples. By 1425, the people had migrated to other areas but the Well is still a sacred place for the Hopi, Zuni, Yavapai, Western Apache, and other Native American cultures.
The Well itself is 386 feet in diameter and holds over 15 million gallons of water. It is fed by Beaver Creek through a long, narrow cave (called the swallet) to reapppear on the other side at the outlet. The water contains arsenic and high quantities of carbon dioxide so fish cannot live in it but five endemic species have evolved here that exist nowhere else on the planet: amphipods, predatory leeches (not blood-suckers), water scorpions, spring snails, and a unique, single-celled diatom.
The people of the Sinagua culture began building the dwellings in the cliffs around the Well seen here.
These 125 steps, above, lead to the swallet. We went, instead, to the outlet which was only 45 steps down.
The largest sycamore tree in Arizona is down at the outlet.
I’m pleased that I finally broke my losing streak of ZERO lifers lately by finding one down by the outlet.
We also saw the female but she was shyer and much less colorful. We also spotted a few other birds that we don’t see too often.
There are ruins of other cultures scattered over the whole area.
The ranger told us that we could probably see a Great Horned Owl if we went over to the picnic area. After much searching through the big cottonwoods and sycamores, Tony spotted him!
Okay, not really, but it had us fooled for a minute. We never did find the real owl.
Here is a short, minute-and-a-half video that the National Park Service did about the Well. This really is a strange and fascinating place.